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Jorge Borges (1899-1986) was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, the son of Jorge Guillermo Borges Haslam and Leonor Acevedo Suárez. The family was middle class, though not wealthy. Borges was home-schooled until age 11, and soon afterward the family moved to Switzerland because of political unrest in Argentina. Borges graduated from the Collège de Genève in 1918, and after World War I the family moved to Spain for a while and in 1921 returned to Argentina.

Borges published his first book of poetry Fervor de Buenos Aires in 1923 and by the mid-1930s was writing existential fiction in a style called “irreality.” In 1938 he nearly died after a head injury, and after recovering began to write in a different style. In his 1941 story “El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan” (The Garden of Forking Paths), he wrote a combination of book and maze that can be read many ways, arguably the first example of a hypertext novel.

In his later years, Borges lost his eyesight, but continued to work with his mother as his secretary. In 1961 he came to international attention when he received the Prix International prize, and in 1971 the Jerusalem Prize. In 1967 Borges began a collaboration with the American translator Norman Thomas di Giovanni that made his work available to English-speakers. In 1967 Borges married the recently widowed Elsa Astete Millán, but the marriage failed after three years. In 1986 he married his personal assistant María Kodama, an Argentine woman of Japanese and German ancestry. Borges died of liver cancer on 13 June 1986 in Geneva.

Borges’ works include philosophical and political themes, and he is recognized as a pioneer in magical realism, with some critics considering him to be the originator of this type literature with the release of his “Historia universal de la infamia” (Universal History of Infamy). Regardless of his marriages, he was rumored never to have had sex. The philosophical term “Borgesian conundrum” is named after him, which is the question of whether the writer writes a story, or it writes him/her.

This information is from Borges’ article at Wikipedia. You can read more here.

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