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More of the ongoing discussion on social trends.

By the end of the 20th century, multiculturalism was running into serious trouble. Not only did the policy fail to bring real change, but issues like genital mutilation, forced marriage and honor killings just didn’t fit into the culture of the West very well. Problems like these led to a re-inspection of the limits and effects of multiculturalism as a policy and a change to what experts are calling postmulticulturalism. This is anything but a well-defined movement, but it seems to involve a swing away from the mosaic and back toward establishing national cultural identities. Presumably this will de-emphasize the separate identities that minority groups have established over the last few decades and trend back toward encouraging assimilation into the larger culture. Variations on postmulticulturalism include cosmopolitanism, or the idea that all humans belong to the same community, and interculturalism, which emphasizes interaction and cultural exchange.

In effect, experts note that this new postmulticulturalism includes new takes on immigration policy, racism, religious freedom and gender politics. Specifically, immigrants are viewed as a threat to national security and cultural values, and discrimination is increasing toward POC, especially from the Muslim religious tradition. US presidential candidate Donald Trump, for example, has called for a complete ban on Muslim immigration. France has passed laws directed at preventing Muslim women from wearing full-face veils. An increase in fascist activities in the US has been heavily directed toward Muslims. Even the resolution of recent court cases has swung away from policies of inclusion and back toward compliance with cultural tradition, leaving minorities without any legal recourse.

So, multiculturalism has the advantage of drawing lines about what cultural practices are unacceptable within the larger society. However, there are heavy losses for some minorities under this policy. According to Dorota Gozdecka (2014), a “new racism” is about identifying those with “transgressive” cultural values and rejecting or marginalizing these individuals into a cultural ghetto.

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